Geographically rich country
Colombia is a very privileged country because of its rich natural provisions, the beauty of its geography and the diversity of its ecosystems :
- Two oceans : The Atlantic and Pacific, bordering two sides of the country with more than 2.900 kilometers of shoreline providing the territory with multiple groups of precious islands.
- Three mountain ranges : Western, Central and Eastern, which stand out because of their snow-covered peaks («los Nevados ») and their volcanos.
- Abundant sources of water: streams, waterfalls, rivers, lakes and marshes give water to the Colombian territory, additionally identified as one of the rainiest regions of the world.
- Multiple climatic identities: going from ocean breezes to extreme high mountain temperatures, the Colombian territory encompasses a vast variety of climates (hot, temperate, cold and freezing).
- The largest quantity of the world’s ecosystems: rain and dry forests, savannas, foggy temperate forests, high mountain forests, moorlands (“Páramos”), rivers, coasts, coral reefs, marshes and mangroves coexist in the country of magical wilderness («magia salvaje »).
- A natural refuge for migratory species: the country’s strategic location, it’s natural Northern and Southern borders, make Colombia a refuge for multiple migratory species, converging from all over the continent. Historically, abundant territorial zones had already served as « vital refuges » during the glacial periods.
The Amazon region in Colombia is one of the most important environmental fields in the country and is a part of the entire Latin American Amazon. Accordingly, the totality of tropical forest extension is the vastest in the world, hence the name “The World's lung". Colombia's Amazonian area includes a big part of Colombia; almost 35,5% is part of the Amazon rainforest.
The climate is hot and humid, the rain and the sun mix suddenly in the infinity of the forests, and the tropical heat is very high despite the constant rains. Due to these conditions, an incalculable richness of animal and vegetal species are present with a large quantity of ethnic groups (60 on average), with their own different customs.
Amazonian Brotherhood Festival - From July 15th to 20th.
The Brotherhood festival is a unique competition, created in 1987 with the goal to promote, strengthen and conserve the relationships of the border countries (Brazil and Peru). At this festival, experiences, traditions, customs, arts, ethnic cultures, feminine beauty, sports, talents and gastronomy, catch the joy of tourists, local residents and the entire municipality of Leticia.
TO NAVIGATE THE AMAZON - To connect to the powers of water.
Taking up the center of the country, the Andean Region is the most densely populated region with its 34 million inhabitants. Crossed by the three mountain ranges, which offer the region several thermal floors, and consequently a vastly diverse landscape, the region takes an advantage of its varied climates but also of its cities and marked identities.
It's people's traditions, mostly mixed-race (mestizos), keep track of the cultural influences between native populations and Spanish decendents. You can experience the music, the singings and dancings of Spanish origins and discover the pure Colombian adaptations, practiced by the different social groups of the region.
The Ibero-American Theater of Bogotá - From Mars 16th to April 1st
Thirty years ago, an idea from an exceptional messy haired woman (Fanny Mikey) came about - thanks to talent, passion and perseverance - in one of the biggest theater festivals in the world.
Medellin’s Flower festival - From August 2nd au 11th
The first “Feria de Flores” happened in the month of May in 1957, where the Antioquia department and the city of Medellín had the idea to pay tribute to the Colombian flower industry, because during that time the Colombian flower market was in its heyday and growing.
The Riosucio Carnival - From January 4th to 9th
In a cordial and joyous atmosphere, every two years people from Rio Sucio celebrate the meeting of their traditions with “everyone's loved and dreamed of devil". It is a magical ritual of charms and spells where several cultural expressions take place.
Blacks and Whites' Carnival - From January 2nd to 7th
During the colonial era on January 5th, drum racket was heard in the streets of San Juan De Pasto. It was the day where black slaves were authorized to celebrate their freedom, the only time in the year. Whites were caught in this celebration in several opportunities, and participated putting aside their status. That is how the Blacks and Whites' Carnival began, one of the most symbolical festivals in Colombia.
THE MYTH OF EL DORADO
THE FRAILEJON'S LAND
Considered one of the richest and most important regions of the country, the Caribbean region is witness to vast cultural and historical heritage, which is what creates Colombian pride.
The ancestral land of numerous communities will help you understand the ethnic mix of the country while offering you its sandy beaches and its turquoise waters, worthy of some of the most beautiful daydreams.
We would love to invite you to enjoy the attractive features that you’ve heard of, its warm waves, bars, hammocks and paradise-like coral reefs for scuba diving. We would also like to show you, behind the scenes and outside the images of postcards, its real natural beauty. It's "lost city", weaving rituals, and snow-covered mountains.
Cartagena International Music festival - from January 4th to 12th, 2020
After the first version in 2007, the festival has drawn numerous local and international musicians in order to favor artistic gatherings and unite European and American music and culture.
Cartagena Film Festival - February - Mars
Created in 1960, this festival is the oldest Latin American film-making event. After its foundation, the festival has surpassed the outlandish reactions and risk taking in Iberoamericano and global film-making. It pays special attention to Colombian film development and its international growth.
Barranquilla Carnival - From February 22nd to 25th, 2020
Barranquilla's Carnival is the only Caribbean celebration declared "one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity" by UNESCO. A folkloric celebration enriched by its traditions, creativity and joyful attitudes of « Barranquilleros », famous for their incredible hospitality.
Gaitas National Festival - October
Gaitas National Festival « Francisco Llirene » aims to highlight and preserve the native cultural expressions from the Caribbean region.
Vallenato Festival - From April 26th to 30th
In 1968, three people thought it was vital to act to avoid losing all the cultural and musical heritage with the passing of time. They decided to create the "Vallenato Legend Festival", in order to maintain the magic and myths of their land, Vallenato melodies, and lyrics which are inexhaustible sources of inspiration.
THE SEVEN WONDERS
FROM THE MOUNTAINS TO THE CARIBBEAN SEA
The Insular region of Colombia is not a true "region", but it is composed of all Colombia's remote islands along the continental coasts. Such is the case of the San Andrés and Providencia archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean and the Malpelo and Gorgona islands in the Pacific Ocean, even with such great distances between them.
San Andrés has a high cultural composition percentage (85%) of "Raizales", who have adopted English and the Anglican religion as their own. They are descendants of the Reggae culture and that is why San Andrés is considered one of the Caribbean Rastafarian paradises.
Green Moon Festival - From September 10th to 17th
The Green Moon Festival is a celebration that makes it possible to be a part of and celebrate, typical Afro-Caribbean cultures and people. Despite its recent origins, the festival presents features that tell the history of these islands. The absolute disappearance of the indigenous presence, as well as the English colonization who have introduced the Africans for working in their plantations, are part of the San Andres culture today.
The Colombian Orinoco Region is known as "The Eastern Plains" (Llano Orientales) because of its placement in flat extensions. The predominant climate in this region is dry tropical with high temperatures during the year having two notoriously intense rainy seasons and a pronounced summer.
A large part of the population are peasants living in rural zones, the most prominent economical activity is cattle raising and agriculture. The "Llaneros" are hard workers, entrepreneurs, and well known for their generosity and hard work on their lands and fields, this can easily be observed and passed on to guests.
The Joropo International Festival - From June 28th to July 2nd
The Joropo International Festival is more than dancing. It is a weekend where the Department of Meta's anniversary is celebrated thus it is a celebration which pays tribute to "Llaneras" traditions. Therefore,, the "Coleo" or Llano's work, the national reign, the joropo festival, the cavalcade and the gastronomic festival are all parts of the big party.
THE RIVER OF PARADISE - To Swim in the river of five colors
Colombia's Pacific Region includes the people and cities from the pacific coast. The Colombian Pacific has beauty, natural richness, beaches and synonymous landscapes, which is why it is considered a territory with some of the most biodiversity and rainfall in the world; the wild humid tropical climate prevails, with constant rainfall throughout the region. A quarter of all vegetal species from Colombia is here in this region, with more than eight thousand plant varieties .
In this region 1 million residents live on average, the majority are afro-descendant, almost 90% of the population, the other 10% is distributed among indigenous groups of Embera, Cholos, Catios, Chocoes, Pastos and Awás.
The Currulao festival - From November 26th to 28th
The Currulao festival was created in December 1987 to protect the cultural existence of the South Pacific region threatened by different imposed harassments from Colombia's violence, the armed conflict and illegal crop harvesting. It arose as a kind of freedom scream, to call the traditional culture around itself, until eventually becoming a place to fight cultural devastation which threatens the legacy of Afro-colombians.
San Pacho Parties - September 20th
In December 2012, Unesco included the "San Francisco de Asis" or "San Pacho's parties" in the representative list of intangible cultural heritage. Every year, twelve neighborhoods in the city of Quibdó, organize this celebration of identity descending from African community origins, which is deeply rooted in local popular religion.
The Petronio Álvarez festival - From August 14th to 19th
Since one can understand a culture through sounds, the Petronio Alvarez Pacific music festivals objective is to show what is essential to cultural in this western region of Colombia. The festival carries this name in tribute to an important musician who was born on 1914 in the Cascajal's island, near Bunaventura.
The Folklore Festival Of The Pacific Coast - From August 25th to 28th
This festival happened for the first time in 1986 with the goal of going out again and distinguishing all aspects that surround Colombian Pacific Afro-descendant traditions. With the creation of this festival, the people from the port of Buenaventura want to elevate the jobs and culture of this Colombian region.
BLACK SAND - To rest in the exuberance of the Pacific.